Saturday, January 1, 2022

US congress report on US Navy ships

US congress report on US Navy ships

According to New US congress report, united states navy ships are very small to protect themselves 

US navy ships are currently facing two hindrances which are making them less defending from unmanned aerial vehicle and anti ship missile are ammunition storage area and cost expenditure in navy assets.


As amount of ammunition will increase, the navy ships will not require to withdraw a ship from battle and spend time travelling to a safe reloading location and expense made in modern ship defense system will ensure lives of navy sailors is saved and prevent every damage to navy ships.


Also solid state laser are good option for jamming or blocking small boats and UAVs and will help potentially in future to counter enemy anti ship missiles but again higher energy weapons require a lot of electricity which means bigger engines, much larger fuel tanks and lot of batteries.

Friday, November 19, 2021

Larger container ship CMA CGM Benjamin Franklin arriving at Untied states of America

 Larger  container ship of 18000 TEU will arrive this month at port of united states.

The largest ship operator CMA CGM's  new container ship will call Los Angeles and Oakland respectively.

Larger container ship CMA CGM Benjamin Franklin arriving at Untied states of America


New ship Benjamin franklin will call first time at this port , as this is for first time such large ship arriving at port, they are been called as ultra large size. 

This vessel will be deployed in regular service in this route, CMA CGM working closely with port operator to plan this ship deployment. 

Oakland port will be first of its kind to receive the ship of such size, recently port authority had made many development to accommodate this type of big ships, by making changes in infrastructure and channel berths and dredging in port areas. 

It is largest ship of CMA CGM and 10th largest in world, it was build by china state shipbuilding corporation. CMA CGM Benjamin Franklin will make its maiden call at port of Los Angeles.

Friday, August 6, 2021

What is Indian port bill, and how will it benefit to Indian port industry (Major port authorities bill 2020)

Indian port bill is the bill or rules and regulation which seeks to provide the regulation, operation and planning of major ports in India and to provide greater autonomy. Indian port bill create an environment for growth and sustained development of ports sector in India through the following broad methods:




  1. Formation of Maritime Port Regulatory Authority
  1. Drafting and formulating of the National Port policy and National Port plan in consultation with Coastal State Governments, State Maritime Boards and other stakeholders.
  1. Formulation of specialized Adjudicatory Tribunals namely Maritime Ports Tribunal and Maritime Ports Appellate Tribunal to curb any anti-competitive practices in the port sector and act as a speedy and affordable grievance redressal mechanism.
Today Indian port sector is developing at very fast pace, both public and private port player is achieving and gaining huge cargo potential in Indian water, proper formulation of port policy is must to administered this development.
Indian port bill 2020 replaces Indian port act 1908.


Monday, June 14, 2021

What is Cargo Manifest in Shipping business ?

 Manifest in simple term is mean by to show something clearly, hence Cargo manifest is a document listing cargo, passengers and crew  of ship, aircraft or a vehicle such truck, rail or wagon. this document enable serves the need of official of custom authority or any body. today we will learn in short about Cargo manifest.

ARTICLE BY

Mr. Meet Markana (Documentation Executive at Savino Del Bene)

A manifest, in general, is a complete list of the cargo or passengers. Just like the cargo manifest, the passenger manifest lists details of all the passengers who are on board a ship or airplane. This list would include details of the crewmembers as well.

A cargo manifest is a consolidated list of all the cargo that is on board a cargo vessel. The list of all cargo carried on the vessel will appear under the vessel name and identification marks of the vessel.



EXAMPLE-        

Customer A in New York buys 1000 boxes from company B in Kolkata, India. Company B ships these gensets by a cargo vessel. The vessel carries other electrical goods and consumer durables meant for customers En route and in New York.

The cargo manifest of the ship will show the 1000 gensets purchased by customer A as well as the other electrical goods and consumer durables that are shipped on the vessel for the other customers.

Contents of a Cargo Manifest

Generally, the following details are shown in cargo manifests:

  1. ·       Operator name and details
  2. ·       Consignor information
  3. ·       Document or Bill of Lading number
  4. ·       Quantity, type, and description of goods
  5. ·       Consignee information
  6. ·       Shipping route


Who Uses the Cargo Manifest and Why?

While the cargo manifest is important to all concerned parties to the cargo carried on the ship, most importantly, it is the port customs who require the cargo manifest to allow the ship to unload its cargo on the port. It is usually the responsibility of the chief officer of the ship to submit the cargo manifest to the port customs.



   

Monday, June 7, 2021

What is Voyage data recorder and how it help to ships ??

Voyage data recorder is system designed for vessel to comply with SOLAS requirement of IMO guidelines, main function of VDR is to store information in secure and retrievable form, considering the position, and movement of vessel from start position to incident point. it acts like black box.

What is voyage data recorder and how it help to ships ?


VDR records the command and control of vessel over the duration from one point to end incident. it also records the voice of vessel bridge. the data collecting assembly continuously collects onboard activity for 12 hours.

Passenger ships and ships other than passenger ships of 3000 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on and after 1st july 2002 must carry VDR devices with them.

Now we discuss some practicality of VDR, then When MV X-press vessel sunk then sri-lankan authority recovered the VDR from ship, this will enable the legal body to know about the actual or possible reason of fire and the incident thereof...though salvage group could not transfer ship from deep seas as it was rest to bed.

So friends if you like this article please share and if you would like to contribute something to this article then feel free to contact us.


Saturday, June 5, 2021

What is vessel traffic service (VTS) ?

 Hello friends, today i will tell you about vessel traffic service (VTS), in simple language vessel traffic is similar to traffic in air that is aircraft or vehicle in land, it is system by which marine traffic that is ships, tugs and other objects at sea are monitored, it is established by port authorities.

So what is main object of VTS, the main object of vessel traffic service to provide active monitoring navigational assistance to vessel in particular route or busy areas of seas. there are mainly two types of VTS, one is under surveillance and one without surveillance i.e., that is actively monitored.

what is vessel traffic service


if we talk about working of VTS then it involves close connection between RADAR, and radio telephonic exchange with close circuit infrastructure.

thus any vessel coming towards port area then it is guided and monitored by VTS, they are given special signal so as to ensure smooth passing in waterways, in case there is danger VTS operator directly gets in contact with ships staff.

thus mainly very high frequency is main way to connect with VTS and on other side there are number of ways to communicate either by email or AIS or phone.

Thus to conclude VTS serve the duty of collection, analyzing and providing information.

Wednesday, June 2, 2021

What is meant by vessel husbandry ?

 Hello friends, today i will discuss about topic known as vessel husbandry, as you know vessel in general language we tell it as a boat or ship, vessel is large, and husbandry in simple meaning is to look after something. hence in all we combine and comes to know as to look after the vessel. giving it a formal touch vessel husbandry is meant by managing the affairs of the ship when it comes to port or at port side including other activities such as custom formalities, fueling and supply and repairs too.

Basically process of vessel husbandry starts when vessel is schedule to come to a particular port  and its arrival at port according to management of shipping company as per the service or routing.

What is meant by vessel husbandry ?


Usually all payments related to vessel related and container related is completed well in advance before arrival of ship at port. shipping company get registered its ship coming to a port with port authority and with custom board of that particular area.

All the vessel comes to port has rotation number if it is a regular vessel, if any vessel coming at port for first time then it informed to port and custom well in advance, duly all certificates of vessel are demanded so as to ensure its get registered with customs and vessel is validated.

As ship is registered with customs it gets its rotations number after getting this number, vessel is registered with port and VCN number which is vessel call number is created.

All payments such as light dues should paid well in advance by shipping company to port before vessel arrives, light dues are calculated on basis of gross registered tonnage of vessel.

So this is just brief about vessel husbandry.

Tuesday, June 1, 2021

What is Sea port congestion ??

Sea port congestion in normal term is meant by congestion caused by logistics activities performed at port side, normally we relates the same with many more elements and factor. congestion refers to state of being very full of people or traffic. port congestion happens when port capacity is full.

Port get accumulated with lot of cargo and ship takes long times to load and unload the cargo, which may be due to direct factors and indirect factors. either ship arriving late or due to natural factors such as cyclone the movement of cargo is blocked at port due to cyclone alert.

port congestion directly affect cargo owners, shipping companies and port management. Hence to recover from such activities port operates at high efficiency and at more manpower.

what is port congestion

Factors which give rise to port congestion:

1) Inadequate manpower.

2) Improper port management.

3) Improper tools and equipment at port.

4) Stoppage of port activities due to natural factors.

5) Improper ship schedules.

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Tuesday, May 4, 2021

What is Mate Receipt

 

Mate Receipt:

Mate receipt is a receipt issued by the Commanding Officer of the vessel when the goods are loaded onto the ship. It is the first proof that goods are loaded on a ship. Mate's receipt is first issued to Port Trust officials. After paying the full amount at the port, the exporter or agent collects this receipt from the Port Trust Authorities. Mate's receipt is freely transmitted. It must be submitted to the shipping company in order to obtain a loading bill. The upload bill is amended on the basis of the acquisition of a partner.

Mate's acquisition is not a title deed. It's just a receipt for goods. However, it is an important document as without it, the exporter will not be able to obtain a title deed, that is, a loading bill.




Types of Mate receipt (mate's receipt and bill of lading )

(a) Clean Receipt: The shipowner issues a clean receipt, if he or she is satisfied that the goods are properly packaged and there is no error in packing or packing.

(b) Qualified Receipt: A qualified receipt is issued when the Commanding Officer of the vessel is not satisfied with the packaging and the shipping company is not neutral.

Contents of Mate receipt:

(a) The name and logo of the delivery line.

(b) The name and address of the sender.

(c) The name and number of the vessel.

(d) The name of the loading port.

(e) The name of the export port and the place of delivery.

(f) Marks and container number.

(g) Packing and description of container.

(h) Total number of containers and packages.

(I) Description of goods in bulk.

(i) The shape of the vessel and the number of the mark.

(k) Total weight in kg. and volume up to cubic meters.

(I) Sending billing number and date.

(m) Signature and initials of the Chief Executive Officer.

Significance of Mate Receipt:

(a) Receipt of goods received for shipping.

(b) It is a transferable document. It must be transferred to the shipping company in order to get a load credit.

(c) The Loading Bill, which is the title of the property, is amended on the basis of the acquisition of a spouse.

(d) empowers the exporter to cancel port reliance requirements on Port Trust officials.

Saturday, May 1, 2021

Elements Affecting Export Payment Terms

The accompanying components influence the installment choices in the global market of export payment terms:



(a) Nature of Product: For the situation of transitory and shopper merchandise long haul credit isn't attractive. Subsequently, the installment technique ought to be "Records against Payment". Be that as it may, on account of capital merchandise, the exporter may permit "Conceded Payment terms". 

(b) Creditworthiness of Buyer: It is alluring to ask about the reliability of new shipper through financial channel or a deputed specialist in the unfamiliar country. On the off chance that the reliability of the merchant is dicey it is alluring to go for "Reports against Payment". 

(c) Exchange and Import Controls in Importing Country: The exporter should consider trade and import guidelines in the shipper's country. it ought to be guaranteed that the shipper is in a situation to satisfy every one of the conventions set down regarding the installment terms concurred between them. 

(d) Competitors' Credit Terms: An exporter should contemplate the installment terms offered by the contenders. On the off chance that the installment terms of the contenders are tough, liberal installment terms can assist the exporter with expanding his piece of the pie. 

(e) Economic Situation in Importer's Country: If the bringing in economy is confronting serious monetary emergency, an exporter ought not danger his installment by broadening credit. The monetary emergency may bring about downgrading, government impedance and control on settlement of money between nations. 

(f) Size of Export Order: If the size of the request is little, an exporter ought to favor "Reports against Payment". Then again, if the size of the request is enormous, an exporter can permit "Reports against Acceptance", as a term of installment. 

(g) Financial Position of the Exporter: If an exporter faces a genuine monetary emergency, he may not like to stretch out long haul credit to an unfamiliar purchaser. Under an exceptionally rigid monetary condition, an exporter may likewise request advance before the execution of the request.

 (h) Relations with the Importer: If the exporter has great and supporting exchange relations with the merchant, he may not spare a moment to stretch out liberal fare terms to the shipper. he may not stop for a second to stretch out liberal fare terms to the merchant.